Gill Maybury

Chiropractor


General Chiropractic Council Registration No. 01092

Glossary

A – B


Acute
Of short duration and relatively severe.
Adjustment
The process of using a specific force to a joint that is fixated.
Adrenal Glands
Two ductless glands above the kidneys.
Arthritis
A general term referring to a condition of the joints. Literally it refers to an inflammation of the joints.
Atlas
The uppermost and most freely movable bone in the spine.
Backache
Low back pain can often be traced back to spinal malfunction and nervous system interference.
Biomechanics
The application of mechanical laws to living structures.

C – G


Cervical
The vertebrae of the neck, usually seven bones.
Chiropractic
The science of locating offending spinal structures and reducing their impact to the nervous system.
Chronic
Persisting for a long time.
Degeneration
A wear and tear phenomena. When the joints of the body wear out it is known as a degenerative joint disease.
Disc
A cartilage that separates spinal vertebrae, absorbs shock to the spine and protects the nervous system.
Fixation
An area of the spine or specific joint with restricted movement.

H – L


Health
A state of optimal physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.
Herniation
A condition of the intervertebral disc whereby some of the material that makes up the disc shifts to a position that irritates the nearby nerve for that spinal area. (A.K.A. a “slipped disc”).
Intervertebral Disc
The soft tissue found between the bones of the spinal column that help to cushion the spine from everyday stress. Through improper posture, discs can wear out (degenerate) and lead to disc herniation.
Joint
The area between two bones where movement occurs. If movement is abnormal, pain and degeneration may occur.
Joint Dysfunction
A condition whereby the joints of a particular area are not moving properly.
Lumbar
The vertebrae of the lower back, usually five bones.

M – Q


Manipulation
A form of manual therapy applying forces to muscles, joints and bones, with the goal of restoring normal motion of the joint and elimination of associated pain.
Manual Therapy
To work with one’s hands.
Massage
The application (usually by hand) of systematic stroking or manipulation to the soft tissues of the body for therapeutic purposes.
Nerves
The extensions branching off the brain and spinal cord carrying information to all parts of the body.
Nervous System
The communication system of the body.
Palpation
A diagnostic technique in which the hands are used to make a physical examination of a part of the body.

R – S


Range of Motion
The range, measured in degrees of a circle, through which a joint can be moved.
Sacrum
The triangular bone at the base of the spine.
Sciatic Nerve
The largest and longest nerve in the human body. It comes out of nerve roots in the lower spine and sacrum.
Sciatica
Sciatic pain caused by a disk in the lower pressing on the sciatic nerve.
Spinal Column
Is made up of 24 small bones called vertebrae, 7 in the neck, 12 in the mid-back and 5 in the lower back. When viewed from the side the spine forms an ‘S’ shape.
Spinal Cord
The extension of the brain containing 31 pairs of spinal nerves that communicate with the body as a whole. The spinal cord is protected by the spinal column.

T – Z


Thoracic
The part of the spinal column from the base of the neck to about six inches above the waistline.
Vertebra
Any of the individual bones of the spinal column.
Vertebral Subluxation Complex
A five-part spinal problem comprising of problems with vertebra motion, nervous system, and muscle and soft issue function, resulting in abnormal function of the spine and body.
Whiplash
An injury to the spine caused by an abrupt jerking motion, either backward, forward or sideways.


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